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Flight Safety Information


[November 10, 2020] [No. 227]



In This Issue

: ARGUS - UAS FAA Certification

: Incident: Everts MD83 at Laredo on Nov 7th 2020, wing tip strike on landing

: ProSafeT - SMS, Quality & Audit Management Software

: Incident: Sun Country B738 at Fort Worth on Nov 8th 2020, bird strike causes hydraulic failure

: Incident: Lufthansa A333 at Bangalore on Nov 5th 2020, gear problem on departure

: FAA Eyes Commercial Tech to Analyze, Share Aviation Safety Data

: FAA in final stages of Boeing 737 MAX review; could approve as early as Nov. 18

: Rolls-Royce to lead major research program on aircraft engine inspection and repair

: Shanghai airport worker gets virus; 8,000 tested

: China Airlines to retire Boeing 747 passenger jets in early 2021

: Volcano news: Pacaya (Guatemala)

: Etihad warns pilots of immediate job cuts as pandemic crisis continues

: CAE Forecasts Need for 260,000 New Pilots through 2029

: Airbus’s A220 Jet Suffers Blow After Canadian Order Cancellation

: The Thermal Nuclear Engine That Could Get Us to Mars in Just 3 Months

: Anthony Brickhouse Receives Prestigious Aviation Safety Award

: Royal Aeronautical Society Webinar - AI and Machine Learning in Airborne Systems

: TSI - Are you managing your aviation risk effectively? Bowtie Visualization - Online Course

: SCSI Fire & Explosion Investigation Course

: Impact of COVID-19 on Aviation & Fatigue Survey (Round 1)

: Today's Photo





Incident: Everts MD83 at Laredo on Nov 7th 2020, wing tip strike on landing


An Everts Air Cargo McDonnell Douglas MD-83, registration N965CE performing flight 5V-262 from Fort Worth Alliance,TX to Laredo,TX (USA) with 2 crew, was on approach to Laredo's runway 18R at 16:10L (22:10Z) when the aircraft struck a wing tip onto the runway surface. The crew initiated a go around, positioned for another approach to runway 18R and landed without further incident about 10 minutes later.






Incident: Sun Country B738 at Fort Worth on Nov 8th 2020, bird strike causes hydraulic failure


A Sun Country Airlines Boeing 737-800, registration N7901A performing flight SY-3011 from Portland,OR to Fort Worth Alliance,TX (USA), landed on Alliance Airport's runway 16L when the crew reported a bird strike resulting in the loss of hydraulic pressure and loss of nose wheel steering. The aircraft was towed off the runway about 30 minutes after landing.





Incident: Lufthansa A333 at Bangalore on Nov 5th 2020, gear problem on departure


A Lufthansa Airbus A330-300, registration D-AIKK performing flight LH-755 from Bangalore (India) to Frankfurt/Main (Germany) with 78 people on board, was climbing out of Bangalore's runway 09R when the flight crew stopped the climb at FL080 due to a problem with the nose wheel. The aircraft entered a hold to burn off fuel climbing to FL100 and returned to Bangalore for a safe landing on runway 09R about 3 hours after departure.


The airline reported a technical malfunction prompted the return to Bangalore.


Emergency services reported they were alerted for a nose gear issue with the aircraft.


The occurrence aircraft remained on the ground in Bangalore for about 51.5 hours after landing back, then on Nov 7th 2020 positioned back to Frankfurt/Main as flight LH-9925. The aircraft is now still on the ground in Frankfurt about 44 hours after landing in Frankfurt (and about 106 hours after landing back in Bangalore).


On Nov 9th 2020 The Aviation Herald received information, that the left main gear leg suffered a failure of the lengthening mechanism due to the fracture of a link. A temporary fix was put into place.



FAA Eyes Commercial Tech to Analyze, Share Aviation Safety Data


The Federal Aviation Administration is conducting market research into vendors' capabilities and experiences in developing an integrated analytics system to support a public-private initiative aimed at examining and sharing aviation safety data.


In a request for information notice posted Thursday, the agency is interested in the development of an architecture for Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing program as part of efforts to help government and commercial organizations uncover safety risks before an accident or an incident occurs.


FAA intends for the new ASIAS technology to integrate data from the FAA's Aviation Safety Action Program and the airline industry's flight operations quality assurance system with other information sources such as text-based reports and air traffic voice communications.


The agency wants the system to feature multiple tools designed for visualization, trend detection and statistical and inference modeling among other functions.


The platform must also use artificial intelligence and machine learning to support aviation safety-related predictive analytics, FAA added.


Interested vendors have until Dec. 7 to submit input.



FAA in final stages of Boeing 737 MAX review; could approve as early as Nov. 18


WASHINGTON/SEATTLE (Reuters) - The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration is in the final stages of reviewing proposed changes to Boeing Co’s 737 MAX and expects to complete the process in the “coming days,” the agency’s chief told Reuters on Monday.


Three sources briefed on the matter told Reuters the FAA is set to lift its grounding order on the plane as early as Nov 18.


FAA Administrator Steve Dickson told Reuters in a statement that he expects “this process will be finished in the coming days, once the agency is satisfied that Boeing has addressed” safety issues involved in two fatal crashes that killed 346 people.


Boeing declined to comment.


The FAA decision comes as other global regulators are also moving closer to decisions on allowing the plane to again resume flights and could approve the MAX around the time U.S. regulators act, the sources said.


The ungrounding would be a vital step in a still-arduous path to recovery for Boeing, plunged into its worst-ever crisis by the crashes and the worldwide grounding of its best-selling plane in March 2019.


“The FAA continues to engage with aviation authorities around the world as they prepare to validate our certification decision,” Dickson said.


“As I have said many times before, the agency will take the time that it needs to thoroughly review the remaining work. Even though we are near the finish line, I will lift the grounding order only after our safety experts are satisfied that the aircraft meets certification standards.”


Following the FAA green light, airlines must complete software updates and fresh pilot training, a process that will take at least 30 days, before the planes can return to the skies.


Southwest Airlines, the world’s largest MAX operator, has said it would take several months to comply with the FAA requirements and that it does not plan to schedule flights on the aircraft until the second quarter of 2021.


The grounding has cost the U.S. planemaker billions, hobbled its supply chain, and triggered investigations that faulted Boeing and the FAA for a lack of transparency and weak oversight during the jet’s development, among other problems.


A Justice Department criminal investigation is ongoing.


As the coronavirus pandemic exacerbated the MAX crisis, Boeing slashed production and shed thousands of jobs. It has been locked in negotiations with airlines over taking delivery of some 450 already built 737 MAX planes being stored at facilities around the United States.


Last month, China’s aviation regulator said it had not set a timetable for the plane’s return to service.


Europe’s chief aviation safety regulator said in September the MAX could receive regulatory approval to resume flying in November and enter service by the end of the year.


Air Canada CEO Calin Rovinescu said Monday he expects the MAX to fly in Canada early next year.














Rolls-Royce to lead major research program on aircraft engine inspection and repair


A research program being led by Rolls-Royce in the UK is to develop miniature inspections tools, snake-arm robots and parts that repair themselves inside aircraft engines.


The miniature maintenance and inspection tools and new repair technologies will be used on Rolls-Royce’s existing engines such as the Trent XWB. Researchers on the Reinstate project will also work on inspection and repair solutions for the composite fan technology being used in Rolls-Royce’s next-generation engine design, the UltraFan.


In total engineers will work on 20 technologies that aim to reduce disruption for airlines and lessen the environmental impact of aircraft by repairing components rather than scrapping them.


Dr Ian Mitchell, chief of technology – repair and services, at Rolls-Royce, said, “This program willimprove how we service our engines, creating technologies which will reduce waste, avoid emissions and minimise disruption, while laying the foundations to service the gas turbine and hybrid-electric engines of the future.”


The three year program, which is part-funded by the UK Government via the ATI (Aerospace Technology Institute) Programme, involves the University of Nottingham, the University of Sheffield, and the University of the West of England, as well as the companies Roke Manor Research, BJR Systems, Clifton Photonics.


The University of Nottingham,researchers will support the development of the following technologies snake-arm robots that travel inside jet engines to access complex parts, enabling repairs which are not possible with today’s tools, inspection and analysis tools to inspect parts buried deep within engines while they are being repaired andautomated repair technologies that target parts that cannot currently be repaired.


Professor Dragos Axinte, director of the Rolls-Royce University Technology Centre (UTC) in Manufacturing and On-Wing Technology at the University of Nottingham said, “Following an extensive track record of working with Rolls-Royce I am delighted that our team will continue to support an exciting research area which will help shape air travel for many years to come.


“The UTC at Nottingham brings together a range of skills which places us perfectly to support our industrial partners. The Reinstate initiative expands our capability significantly and I look forward to delivering new capabilities through the course of this project.”


Engineers at Roke Manor Research will lead on the development of algorithms that use data from engine installed inspection sensors to analyze and provide rapid in-service diagnostics.


Paul MacGregor, managing director of Roke said,“Focusing on our machine vision capabilities, we will help Rolls-Royce interpret and exploit the diverse data challenges to better predict when engines need maintenance.”



Volcano news: Pacaya (Guatemala)


Pacaya volcano (Guatemala): ash emissions have increased and could affect aviation


Effusive-explosive eruption of the volcano continues.


INSIVUMEH reported that the strombolian-type explosions continue at elevated levels producing strong ash emissions over the past few days. An explosions at the volcano generate a dense ash plumes, which reached approx. 10,500 ft-11,150 ft (3,200 m-3,400 m) altitude and drifted NE. It presents a danger for aviation and precautions with air traffic must be taken.

The lava flow on the southwest flank remains active, currently about 800 m long.



China Airlines to retire Boeing 747 passenger jets in early 2021


Taipei, Nov. 10 (CNA) China Airlines, one of Taiwan's main international carriers, has put its last four Boeing 747-400 passenger jets up for sale, as part of a plan to retire the model from its fleet in the first quarter of 2021, according to the company.


The carrier recently told CNA that it has commissioned an asset management company to handle the planned sale of the four aircraft, which were delivered to China Airlines between December 2004 and April 2005.


The four airplanes include B-18210, which was delivered in Boeing's Dreamliner livery in 2004, and B-18215, the last of the passenger model to be manufactured, according to the company.


Once the main workhorse of China Airlines' long haul service, after the introduction of the more efficient twin-engine Boeing 777-300ER and Airbus A350-900 jets, the four-engine jumbo jet was deployed mainly for services to regional destinations, such as Okinawa, Shanghai and Guangzhou.


The outgoing model is not featured in China Airlines' timetable published for its winter season between Oct. 25 and March 27, 2021.


The COVID-19 pandemic, which has heavily impacted the international aviation industry, accelerated China Airlines' decision to retire its jumbo jets, said the company, having posted a quarterly net loss of NT$707 million (US$24.77 million) between July and September.


Meanwhile, the company still had a fleet of 18 Boeing 747-400F freighters as of September, according to monthly statistics published by the Civil Aeronautics Administration.


Main domestic rival EVA Airways, retired its last Boeing 747-400 in August 2017, while legacy carriers that have celebrated their centennials since late 2019 -- British Airways, Australia's QANTAS and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines -- all bid farewell to the model this year.



Shanghai airport worker gets virus; 8,000 tested


BEIJING — Authorities in China's financial hub of Shanghai have quarantined 186 people and conducted coronavirus tests on more than 8,000 after a freight handler at the city's main international airport tested positive for the virus.


No additional cases have been found, the city government said on its microblog Tuesday. It remains unclear how the 51-year-old man contracted the virus, which has largely spared the sprawling metropolis despite its dense population and strong international links.


In the northern port city of Tianjin, more than 77,000 people have been tested after a locally transmitted case was reported there on Monday. That case was believed to be linked to a cold storage warehouse, reinforcing suspicions that the virus may be spreading to victims from frozen food packaging.


The National Health Administration on Tuesday reported 21 additional cases brought from overseas, while 426 people remain in treatment for COVID-19, which was first detected in the central Chinese city of Wuhan late last year.


China has reported 4,634 deaths among 86,267 cases of the virus, while 788 people are currently being held in isolation for being suspected case or for testing positive without showing symptoms.



Etihad warns pilots of immediate job cuts as pandemic crisis continues


DUBAI (Reuters) - Abu Dhabi’s Etihad Airways has warned pilots of immediate compulsory layoffs this week as demand for air travel fails to recover as quickly as expected from the coronavirus crisis.


The warning in a letter to pilots, seen by Reuters, comes a day after the state airline said it was pushing on with plans to shrink to a mid-sized carrier.


“The hard reality is that, despite all hopes, our industry is simply not recovering quick enough and we will continue to be a much smaller airline for some time,” pilots were told in an email distributed on Monday.


“Based on all these factors, it has become clear that we have no choice but to further reduce our workforce.”


An Etihad spokeswoman did not immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.


Etihad employed nearly 2,000 pilots as of February, according to its website. Sources have said hundreds of staff, including some pilots, had been laid off before the latest cuts.


Pilots were told in the email that “a variety of other options” tried by the airline were not enough to keep the business strong and that its current workforce was “simply too large.”


Affected pilots would be notified within 24 hours, it said, without saying how many would lose their jobs.


The group representing most of the world’s airlines, the International Air Transport Association, has consistently said that air traffic had failed to recover as quickly as expected.


A new wave of infections and lockdowns across Europe and elsewhere has cast further uncertainty for the aviation industry as it faces its worst ever crisis.


IATA says inconsistent border rules are hampering the recovery, making it difficult for airlines to plan ahead.


Etihad on Sunday said it was continuing to scale down the airline’s operations and that it would become a mid-sized, full service carrier concentrating on its wide-body fleet.


It was not immediately clear whether that meant it would shrink its fleet of 30 Airbus AIR.PA narrow-body A320 jets.


Etihad has said it may retire its 10 Airbus superjumbo A380s due to the pandemic.


Chief Executive Tony Douglas in April said the airline had full support of its owner, the government of Abu Dhabi. Etihad has not said if it has received any state assistance.


Most of its employees are foreigners and not eligible for government benefits in the United Arab Emirates.



CAE Forecasts Need for 260,000 New Pilots through 2029


Despite the Covid-19 pandemic’s toll on the current civil aviation market, CAE forecasts a global demand for 260,000 new pilots over the next decade. Releasing the 2020-2029 CAE Pilot Demand Outlook this morning, the international training specialist said its analysis shows that the active pilot population is expected to return to 2019 levels in 2022. But retirements and attrition are expected to become a challenge as air travel recovers and will create an “acute demand” with a short-term need for some 27,000 new pilots as of late 2021, growing to 260,000 over a 10-year period.


In business aviation alone, CAE is predicting that 41,000 new pilots will be needed over the next decade to make up for anticipated retirements and attrition. This is projected as CAE notes the business aviation market is facing "massive retirements" as "the percentage of pilots over the age of 50 continues to increase versus the total civil aviation industry pilot pool. Currently, this pilot population age represents a disproportionally high rate."


It further sees the airlines scooping up a portion of business aviation pilots. On top of this, CAE projected a need for another 4,000 to accommodate growth for a total need of 45,000 new business aviation professional pilots over the forecast period. The airlines, meanwhile, need 126,000 new pilots to offset attrition and retirements and then 93,000 to accommodate growth.


CAE acknowledged that the sudden drop in air travel demand hindered the industry’s growth trajectory. “Airlines and operators around the world have adjusted their operations to align with lower demand. Thousands of pilots have been furloughed in recent months,” the company noted. But it wondered whether this ultimately might play into stronger pilot needs in the future.


“Many of them have pivoted to other professions and might not want to resume their pilot careers,” CAE said. “On the one hand, airlines and operators have reduced the pilot workforce to offset the financial impact of the pandemic. On the other hand, data indicates that the industry will face significant challenges in the upcoming years to meet the demand for pilots.”


CAE further stresses that fundamental factors driving pilot demand before the pandemic remain in place. “Age-based retirement combined with fleet growth were and remain the main drivers of pilot demand,” the company said. “Third-party analysis shows that commercial aviation and business aviation markets are forecast to continue growing over the next decade—over 11,000 additional business and commercial aircraft are expected to join the active world fleet during that period.” Of this, CAE anticipates that 3,600 additional aircraft will come from the business aviation market.


The anticipated demands are going to put pressure on the civil training industry, CAE said. “The industry is experiencing an unexpected change of course and facing unprecedented challenges, driving us to reconsider how we can develop and train better pilots,” it said. “One smart approach for coming together as an industry to meet the demand for pilots, as well as instructors, is to embrace training partnerships.”


Finding adequate instructors was an issue before the pandemic, it added. “As growth returns to the industry, the availability of high-quality instructors will pose a challenge for years to come.”


The training provider also expressed concern about a lack of funding for prospective students, noting that less than 10 percent of eligible aspiring pilots have access to direct funding. “Rather than leaving talent on the bench due to funding, we can work as facilitators for access to direct funding by educating the financial industry on the job outlook for pilots and the reality of training,” CAE said, pointing to its recent launch of a financing initiative in collaboration with financial institutions for prospective pilots.


"With the 2020-2029 CAE Pilot Demand Outlook, we hope to arm the industry with the insights that will help the global aviation community understand, rethink, and learn about how to continue to build and grow the supply of highly qualified pilots as the industry emerges from the downturn,'' said Nick Leontidis, group president of CAE’s Civil Aviation Training Solutions. "Disruptive events are opportunities to innovate and collaborate."



Airbus’s A220 Jet Suffers Blow After Canadian Order Cancellation


(Bloomberg) -- Airbus SE’s A220 jetliner program suffered the biggest setback since the start of the coronavirus crisis as Air Canada canceled orders for 12 aircraft to conserve cash.


The carrier will also defer the handover of the remaining 18 A220s it had been due to receive in 2021 and 2022, according to an earnings filing Monday, though it expects to take delivery of five of the type this quarter.


The announcement comes as a particular blow since the A220 is a Canadian aircraft, designed and launched by Montreal-based Bombardier Inc. before being sold to European rival Airbus. The modest size of the A220, closer to a regional jet than many airliners, had also been expected to help the model ride out the pandemic relatively unscathed.


“We are working very closely with all our customers, and in particular with Air Canada, as we navigate through the crisis, to be ready for when traffic does return,” Airbus spokesman Stefan Schaffrath said.


Macquarie Financial Holdings had previously scrapped orders for six A220s, including three planes struck from Airbus’s backlog last month.


Air Canada also canceled orders for 10 Boeing Co. 737 Max jets. Overall, it aims to trim capital spending by C$3 billion ($2.3 billion) through 2023.



The Thermal Nuclear Engine That Could Get Us to Mars in Just 3 Months


Thermal nuclear propulsion could cut travel time to Mars down to just three months.


Elon Musk has referred to ideas like this as a way to keep astronauts safe from cosmic radiation.


This company's ceramic-coated pellet fuel is low enriched, safer, and more stable.


Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation (USNC) has designed a new thermal nuclear engine it says could carry astronauts to Mars in just three months—and back to Earth in the same amount of time. By using ceramic microcapsules of high assay low enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel, USNC's thermal nuclear engine could cut the trip in half even from optimistic estimates.


“The problem is to produce a nuclear reactor that is light enough and safe enough for use outside the Earth's atmosphere—especially if the spacecraft is carrying a crew,” New Atlas explains.


Thermal nuclear for propulsion is an old idea. While weapons are thermal, other applications have lingered in the experimental stage and then been discarded, but they’ve still been studied off and on for decades. These designs use the astonishing heat generated by a nuclear reaction to push a rocket at speeds approaching the Star Trek realm compared to what we use today. And they contrast with traditional chemical rockets, where chemical propellants like liquid oxygen are used to make something more like a supersized fossil fuel combustion engine.


USNC’s technology hits just months after Elon Musk suggested that a nuclear engine could be key to getting astronauts to Mars. For Musk, the concern was for astronaut health and safety: the longer the trip to Mars, the longer astronauts are exposed to extraordinary cosmic radiation.


The Department of Energy has found that HALEU fuel is, relative to the higher risk of handling nuclear materials at all, less dangerous than it could be. Cosmic radiation is probably far worse, and negotiating around it has been a huge barrier to any hypothetical Mars travel.


The reactor in USNC’s nuclear thermal propulsion engine is very similar to the design that powers its upcoming microreactor energy facilities. That’s not a coincidence. Although USNC is starkly divided into USNC-Tech and USNC-Power, with different leadership and goals, the corporation's “ultra safe” goals and designs are shared. Both use HALEU fuel whose ceramic casing is safe in very high temperatures.


"Key to USNC-Tech’s design is a conscious overlap between terrestrial and space reactor technologies," USNC-Tech CEO Paolo Venneri said in a statement. "This allows us to leverage the advancements in nuclear technology and infrastructure from terrestrial systems and apply them to our space reactors."


USNC-Tech says its engine delivers twice the thrust of a chemical engine, and because of the encapsulated, low enriched fuel, it’s more stable than previous nuclear thermal designs. This is key, because chemical rockets are simply maxing out.


We’ve plumbed non-nuclear thrust technology to the full depth of our possible understanding, and the next step up from this plateau will require something different. Today, it’s hard to imagine that being anything other than nuclear propulsion.



lAnthony Brickhouse Receives Prestigious Aviation Safety Award


Embry-Riddle Associate Professor of Aerospace and Occupational Safety and Director of the Aerospace Forensic Lab, Anthony Brickhouse, recently had the honor of delivering a guest lecture virtually for The Reese Dill Aviation Safety Lectureship series of the Aero Club of New England (ACONE). Following the Lecture and discussion, Brickhouse was awarded the 2020 Reese Dill Aviation Safety Medal of Honor.

Since 2012, the Reese Dill Aviation Safety Lectureship Series, which honors ACONE member Reese Dill's lifelong commitment to aviation, has featured presentations from renowned professionals in aviation. Other alumni and friends of Embry-Riddle that have had the honor of speaking at the safety lectureship series include David L. McKay ('77), president and chief executive officer of United States Aircraft Insurance Group and aerobatic pilotPatty Wagstaff.

The Aero Club of NewEngland(ACONE) is the longest-established aeronautical club in the Americas, founded in 1902, which predates the Wright Brothers' first successful powered flight. ACONE's membership rolls include some of the true legends of aviation.

ACONE is also renowned for their "Crash Course" safety seminars, given in conjunction with the AOPA Air Safety Foundation and the FAA. ACONE also manages and awards over a dozen educational scholarships for pilots and aviation technicians; and advocates with federal, state and local regulators for the advancement of flight.








Royal Aeronautical Society Webinar - AI and Machine Learning in Airborne Systems


AI and Machine Learning in Airborne Systems – Unlocking the power without compromising safety


Billions of dollars are being invested in the development of revolutionary new civil aircraft that promise to transform transportation as we know it. Delivering on that promise means ensuring these aircraft achieve high levels of autonomy and high levels of safety. Autonomy will depend on AI and machine learning, while safety relies upon rigorous software certification and traceability. At first glance, those seem to be two opposing forces, yet they have to be reconciled.


Please join us as experts from the Federal Aviation Administration, the UK Civil Aviation Authority and industry discuss this problem and suggest strategies that could allow innovators to capture the power of AI without compromising safety and certification.




· Wes Ryan, Unmanned and Pilotless Aircraft Technology Lead at Federal Aviation Administration

· Alex Georgiades PhD MRAeS, Innovation Services Principal - Autonomous Systems, Innovation Hub, UK CAA

· Monty Christy, FRAeS, Technology Founder, Christy Aerospace and Technology




William R. Voss FRAeS, Chairman, Royal Aeronautical Society Washington DC Branch



12 Nov 2020

10:00 AM - 11:30 AM

Location: Webinar







Impact of COVID-19 on Aviation & Fatigue Survey (Round 1)


As a longitudinal survey, we will send you links to shorter follow-up surveys each month as the industry adapts to changes in regulations and public demand.


For more information about the survey, please contact Dr. Cassie Hilditch at[email protected]or see below for FAQs.


We thank you for your time and support of this survey addressing the effects of this unprecedented time in aviation history.


All the best,


Cassie Hilditch





Overall purpose of the survey

To assess the impact of operational changes related to the COVID-19 pandemic on fatigue in US commercial pilots.

Any additional background on the study

Discussions with airline representatives and pilots have highlighted several unique changes to operations as the industry attempts to adapt to reduced demand and travel restrictions. Many of these changes are unprecedented, therefore, understanding how they impact crew fatigue is important in order to manage the impact of such changes and potentially recommend safeguards to their implementation.


Who will have access to the raw data?

Only staff from NASA Ames Fatigue Countermeasures Research Laboratory approved by the Institutional Research Board will have access to the raw data. All data will be stored anonymously, with a unique ID code assigned to each participant to track responses over time.


Who will make the final conclusions?

NASA Ames Fatigue Countermeasures Research Laboratory staff will summarize and analyze the survey responses.


Where will the information be published?

We hope to publish the results as a NASA Technical Memorandum, and also in safety-focused peer-reviewed journals and industry newsletters to reach a wide range of audiences to maximize the learning opportunities from this survey. We also aim to present the results at relevant scientific and industry conferences where possible.



Cassie J. Hilditch, PhD

Senior Research Associate

Fatigue Countermeasures Lab


SJSU Research Foundation

NASA Ames Research Center

Moffett Field, CA 94035




Today's Photo





Curt Lewis & Associates, LLC | [email protected] | 817-845-3983 |


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